It's not uncommon to run into problems when setting
up CGI scripts on your web site. One of the most
common errors is the "403 Forbidden Error".
A 403 error occurs when a file doesn't have sufficient
permission to run. Permission can be adjusted
via SSH using the "chmod" command, although
many find it easier to change permissions using
the "chmod" feature in an FTP program.
To set a script as executable, you want to change
it's permission to 755. In SSH, this can be accomplished
chmod 755 scriptname.pl
(where scriptname.pl is the name of the script
you wish to change).
CGIs must be set with executable file permissions
or requests for the script from the web server
will result in an internal server error.
Scripts that need to be executable should have
their permission set with "chmod 755".
This sets the file's permissions so that the file's
owner may read, write, and execute the file, and
anyone else can only read and execute it.
Internal Server Error
The "500 Internal Server Error" is
a common error that occurs when installing new
scripts. In an attempt to troubleshoot this error
you should attempt the follow:
- Make sure that the script was uploaded to
the server as ASCII and not as BINARY. If the
file is uploaded as BINARY it will become corrupted
in transfer and the 500 error will occur. All
FTP programs have a setting that can be toggled
for ASCII, BINARY and AUTO. If you are in doubt
as to what method was used to upload your file,
it's best to set it manually to ASCII and upload
your file again.
Make sure the first line of your script is
the path to Perl, and that it is correct.
In the vast majority of cases, it should look